The "4 per 1000" Initiative in a few words

The international initiative "4 per 1000", launched by France on 1 December 2015 at COP 21, consists of federating all voluntary stakeholders of public and private sectors (national governments, local and regional governments, companies, trade organisations, NGOs, research facilities, etc.) under the framework of the Lima-Paris Action Plan (LPAP).

Supported by solid scientific foundations and practical actions in the field, the 4 per 1000 initiative intends to demonstrate that agriculture, and in particular agricultural soils, can play a crucial role in food security and climate change.

The high "Added Value of the "4 per 1000" Initiative

The "4 per 1000" initiative should enable some practical actions in the field to be developed, benefiting farmers and livestock breeders, who are the first to be affected by land degradation and, more broadly, by the entire world population.

It is a multi-actor initiative built around two main phases of actions:

  1. A multi-actor, state and non-state action program for better soil carbon management to combat poverty and food insecurity, while contributing to adaptation to climate change and mitigation of emissions.
  2. An international scientific research and cooperation program

The governance of the "4 per 1000" Initiative

The International Initiative "4 per 1000" was launched on 1 December 2015 by Stéphane Le Foll, then Minister of Agriculture, AgriFood and Forestry, at COP 21 which was held in Paris.

Farmers, economic stakeholders, local Authorities and States then mobilised researchers around this initiative on the agenda of solutions at COP 21 in Paris.

The success of "4 per 1000" was confirmed at COP 22: bringing together civil society, countries, funds and international organisations around a table was a challenge. Bringing 200 together around the issue of soils and agriculture, was a victory!

We talk about it at the following link:

http://agriculture.gouv.fr/le-succes-du-4-pour-1000-la-cop22  

The governance of the "4 per 1000" initiative was launched in Marrakech and marks the strong commitment of the partners!

At COP 22, 80 of the 200 signatories wished to be part of the consortium, in order to take collective decisions, especially on the orientations, goals of the work program, the budget and to define indicators for the monitoring and evaluation of projects.

Today, 110 partner organisations (not-for-profit or non-commercial structures) have joined the Consortium and thus participate in the decision-making process.

Getting involved with the "4 per 1000" Initiative

The international initiative "4 per 1000", was launched on 1 December 2015 at COP 21. Since its launch, more than 250 organisations have already supported this initiative by signing the Paris Declaration, which sets its goals.

110 of these partner organisations are members of the "4 per 1000" Consortium and thus participate in decision-making.

Two conditions are required to become a member of the Consortium and participate in decision-making:

• The organisation should be not-for-profit or non-commercial

• A person entitled to represent the organisation must sign the Declaration of Intent to become a member (cf infra)

The Scientific and Technical Committee of the Initiative

The "4 per 1000” initiative has set up a strong Scientific and Technical Committee to guide projects with 14 renowned scientific experts. The Scientific and Technical Committee was set up on 17 November 2016 to create guidelines for the research program, provide technical advice to field projects and define a structure for evaluating projects and some monitoring indicators.

Take a look at the biographies of the CST members and their roles: Presentation of the CST members

Role of Research in the "4 per 1000" Initiative

The "4 per 1 000" initiative is a multi-actor initiative built around two main sectors of actions:

  1. A multi-actor, state and non-state action program for better soil carbon management to combat poverty and food insecurity, while contributing to adaptation to climate change and mitigation of emissions.
  2. And an international scientific research and cooperation program: "Carbon in soils": a food security challenge "covering four complementary scientific questions:

       • The study of mechanisms and estimation of carbon storage potential in soils by regions and systems

       • The assessment of the performance of virtuous agricultural practices and their consequences for sequestration and other production and regulatory services

       • The accompaniment for innovations and their stimulation through appropriate policies

       • The monitoring, reporting and verification of results (MRV - measuring, reporting and  verification), in particular for farmers.          

       Researchers, in particular at an international level, can develop the four matters described above in a coordinated way:

       • Knowledge of soil carbon stocks and storage potential

       • Impacts of agricultural and forestry practices on carbon storage in soils

       • Methods for monitoring the carbon sequestration in soils

       • Circulation of good practices.

 

Research stakeholders are also committed to:

 

  • Support an International Initiative on soils with a triple "win-win-win" goal
  • Propose some modes of production that emphasise the potential of plants as a mechanism for capturing and storing atmospheric carbon
  • Combat land degradation while having a positive impact on food security
  • Recognize that soils are vital for life on Earth and that living soils preserve biodiversity
  • Inspire and learn from traditional farming practices that give prominence to trees at the heart of agricultural production, as in agroforestry systems
  • Meet the scientific challenge of a better knowledge of carbon storage in soils, storage with multiple beneficial effects, in order to better control the factors favourable to this storage and the balance between the nutrients
  • Leverage scientific knowledge to develop some new production systems that are inspired by traditional practices to increase carbon storage in soils
  • Address the challenge of developing methods for measuring and assessing the quantity of carbon stored in soils at a lower cost
  • Mobilise stakeholders to encourage them to take actions in order to conserve soils for food security and climate
  • Choose to transmit and promote knowledge and practices in favour of agroecology

 

Testimonials from researchers

Jean-François SOUSSANA (FRANCE)
Scientific Director of Environment of INRA, Vice-President of the Scientific and Technical Committee, for the “4 per 1000“ initiative.

Claire CHENU (FRANCE)
Professor of soil sciences at AgroParisTech (Biology, agronomy, food and environment sciences), researcher at INRA (Institut national français d'agronomie) for 20 years, Vice-President of the Scientific and Technical Committee, for the “4 per 1000“ initiative.

Cornelia RUMPEL (GERMANY)
Researcher at Centre National de Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) - Institut d'écologie et sciences environnementales de Paris, Vice-President of the Scientific and Technical Committee, for the “4 per 1000“ initiative.

Rattan LAL (USA)
Distinguished University Professor of Soil Science, Director, Carbon, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA.

 

 

How to contribute?

Stakeholders of this initiative are committed to ensure that a maximum number of agricultural soils, through their actions, benefit from farming practices to maintain or enhance their carbon content or to preserve carbon-rich soils.

Every actor giving such undertakings by signing the joint declaration of intention must state the goal it has set for itself, the types of action to be taken, the relevant timetable and the dedicated resources.

The "4 per 1000" initiative: soils for food security and climate fully meets the goals of the Paris Agreement (December 2015):

  • By participating in adaptation issues and contributing to preserve food security through, especially, improved soil fertility, agricultural yields and the nutritional quality of agricultural products
  • By contributing to the goal of limiting global warming to below 2°C, and if possible 1.5°C, and to the long-term goal of neutrality of anthropogenic (all gas) emissions in the second half of the century
  • By developing some practices, techniques and policies, backed by the latest scientific knowledge, to help countries to achieve the goals they have set for themselves under their determined contributions at their national level
  • By providing especially the donors with scientific guarantees on the impact of projects submitted for funding, but also for civil society on environmental, social and economic impacts.

 

The "4 per 1000" initiative is coherent with many sustainable development goals (September 2015):

  • SDG (Sustainable Development Goal) 1 & 2 (nutritious and quality food accessible to all),
  • SDG 3 (reduction in use of potentially hazardous inputs for health),
  • but also SDG 7, SDG 8, SDG 12, SDG 13, SDG 14 & 15.

 

The "4 per 1000" initiative meets all the criteria of the “Global Climate Action Agenda”:

  • transformational
  • delivering practical deliverables
  • replicable
  • innovative
  • assisting in the implementation of the NDCs (Nationally Determined Contributions)
  • inclusive

In concrete terms, how do we get involved?

Follow the link below:

They already got involved