Scientists call for 8 steps to increase global soil carbon for climate action and food security - International coordination and financing essential
BURLINGTON, VERMONT (3 Dec 2018) – Leading scientists call for action to increase global soil carbon, in advance of the annual climate summit of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in Katowice, Poland (COP24) and World Soil Day (5 Dec).
Modalities for climate action in agriculture will be addressed 3 December at the first workshop of the Koronivia Joint Work on Agriculture, a breakthrough initiative of the 2017 UNFCCC climate negotiations.
The French scientific community launches the "Appel de Sète"
On the eve of the COP24, that will take place in Poland from December 3rd to 14th, a workshop mobilized the French scientific community on 7 and 8 November to meet the challenges of the "4 for 1000" initiative. Since COP21, the French scientific community is strongly mobilized around this initiative on soils for food security and climate. On the occasion of this workshop, the scientific community has launched a call to fund an ambitious scientific program: the "Appel de Sète", which has already collected some fifty signatures, among them researchers from CIRAD, CNRS, IDDRI, INRA, IRD, IRSTEA, and also partners from Brazil, Spain, Madagascar, Senegal and Morocco.
California Secretary of Agriculture, Karen ROSS, announced the official launching of the Global soil health challenge by California and France
This announcement has been made during the 2018 Summit that brings together leaders from state, tribal, and local governments, business, and citizens from around the world, to demonstrate how the tide has turned in the race against climate change, showcase climate action taking place around the world, and inspire deeper commitments from each other and from national governments in support of the Paris Agreement.
Conference website: https://globalclimateactionsummit.org/
4 per 1000 events
Second "4 per 1000" Initiative Day - December 13, 2018, Katowice, Poland
On the occasion of the UNFCCC COP 24 (3-14 December 2018) organized in Katowice, Poland, the "4 per 1000 Initiative: Soils for Food Security and Climate" organizes, in partnership with the University of Silesia, the 2nd "4 per 1000 Initiative Day" on December 13, 2018.
This day, that was held one year after the first edition, becomes annual on the sidelines of the UNFCCC COPs and brought together the 4th meeting of the Consortium of Members and the 3rd meeting of the Forum of Partners of the Initiative.
Conference website: https://4per1000day2018.sciencesconf.org/
Watch the conference: https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=ynTRMUR09rw
The 4 per 1000 Initiative was also involved in two side-events Agriculture Advantage 2.0 at COP24, organized by the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS):
First Africa “4 per 1000” Symposium: Building synergies across Africa to advance on soils for food security and climate - October 24 - 26, 2018, Johannesburg
The event was jointly organized by NEPAD, Regeneration International and the “4 per 1000” Initiative. 104 participants from 16 African countries together with Partners from the EU, North- and South America, came together in Johannesburg for the 4 per 1000 Africa Symposium on Soils for Food Security and the Climate. Current insights into existing initiatives in Africa led by NEPAD, governments and civil society organisations were presented and discussed. Conversations and working groups were conducted around the four interconnected pillars of the 4 per 1000 initiative: soil health, food security, adaptation to climate change and contribution to global climate change mitigation.
The outcome report is under preparation and will be presented at the 4 per 1000 Initiative Day on 13 December in Katowice, Poland. Among the main conclusions were:
- There is a need to close the gap between research and the civil society. We need to stop the dichotomy between “us” and “them” and work closer together.
- African agriculture can contribute to solving many of the world’s problems. Promising ways and effective tools to restore and conserve the land while fighting hunger and poverty are partly known, we need to focus on spreading the knowledge and identifying concrete investment options to accelerate implementation and up-scaling.
- Ecosystem degradation and climate change are aggravating rapidly. We have no time to lose and need to focus on the synergies between our different initiatives in each region.
Following the Symposium, Regeneration International launched a letter to highlight the huge potential of soil restoration and conservation for tackling migration issues the world is currently facing. We invite all members to read it and support it with your signature as well as share it among your networks:
From Forced Migration to Regeneration: An Open Letter to the Citizens of the Global North
De la migration forcée à la Régénération: Lettre Ouverte aux Citoyennes et Citoyens des pays du Nord
De la Migración Forzada a la Regeneración: Carta Abierta a las y los Ciudadanos del Norte Global
First "4 per 1000" Initiative Day - November 16, 2017, Bonn, Germany
On the occasion of the UNFCCC COP 23 (6-17 November 2017) organized in Bonn, the "4 per 1000 Initiative: Soils for Food Security and Climate" organized, with the support of the German Food and Agriculture Ministry (BMEL) and the Federal Office for Agriculture and Food (BLE), the "4 per 1000 Initiative Day" on 16 November 2017. The Iniative Day includes the 2nd Forum of partners and the 3rd Consortium of members
Conference website: https://4per1000day.sciencesconf.org/?lang=en
2nd Consortium of Members - June 29-30, 2017, Montpellier, France
This meeting gathered around one hundred participants, representing members from all continents (States and public bodies, higher education and research institutes, foundations, donors, NGOs, farmer associations...). Download presentations, reports and other documents in the dedicated website.
Conference website: https://4per1000.sciencesconf.org/
Upcoming events linked to the Initiative
Wageningen Soil Conference 2019: Understanding soil functions - August 27 - 30, 2019 Wageningen, the Netherlands
As in previous editions, the aim of this conference is to discuss the importance of soils. In the 2019 edition, the focus will be on “Understanding soil functions: from ped to planet”. To do this, they will adopt a new style of conference, with traditional conference talks in the mornings, followed by a range of scientific and interactive topic workshops in the afternoons.
4th World Congress on Agroforestry - May 20 - 22, 2019 - Montpellier, France
Organized by Cirad and Inra, the 4th congress follows earlier World Congresses on Agroforestry in Orlando in 2004, Nairobi in 2009 and New Delhi in 2014. The Congress’ theme is "Agroforestry - Strengthening links between science, society and policy". The session "Mitigating climate change with agroforestry" will especially address 4p1000 issues. Early bird registration before Feb. 15, 2019.
Conference website: https://agroforestry2019.cirad.fr
ISRIC spring school on digital soil mapping, classification and assessment - May 20-24 - Wageningen
ISRIC Spring School is designed for soil and environmental scientists, students, experts and professionals in natural resources management. It consists of two five-day courses that are run in parallel. Early bird registration is until Dec.31 and the deadline for registration is March 8, 2019
Further information : http://www.isric.org/utilise/capacity-building/springschool
“The International Meeting of Agriculture of the Living”, Paris, February, 20-24, 2019
Organized by Ver de Terre Production with the participation of the movement For a Farming of the Living, “the International Meeting of the Agriculture of the Vivant” will be composed around a program of conferences on the agronomic fundamentals of a living soil, the agroecological practices by sectors in France and abroad, and also advances in the nutritional quality of products to respect the values of products from agroecological sectors.
Learn more and registration: click here (in French)
Course on Livestock and climate change: Assessment of emissions, mitigation options and adaptation strategies - 11-15 February 2019, Zaragoza (Spain)
This course will provide knowledge on the processes underlying GHG emissions and soil carbon sinks (according to the 4 per 1000 target), measuring methodologies and modelling tools in livestock systems. Methods for national GHG inventories and mitigation options analysis, including socio-economic assessment, will be presented. Adaptation strategies will be reviewed and synergies with mitigation strategies will
be explored. Practical work based on real case studies in Mediterranean conditions will also be undertaken.
Past events linked to the initiative
5th International Rice Congress, Oct. 14-17, 2018, Singapore
Held every four years,it is organized by the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI). The 4 per 1000 Initiative co-organized with IRRI a 3.5-hour session led by Drs Pauline Chivenge and Ole Sander, IRRI scientists on "Carbon Sequestration for Climate Change Mitigation". Download the program.
It included 4 plenary talks and 6 rapid fire talks of 5-10 min each followed by general discussion. The session focused on the possibilities, limitations and benefits of increasing soil carbon sequestration in rice soils to meet the objectives of the 4 per mille initiative. In general, most rice soils, which are characterized by flooding during paddy management, are rich in soil organic carbon. Thus, maintaining SOC and preventing greenhouse gas emissions (CH4 and N2O) is critical. However, due to climate change, prolonged wetting through irrigation may no longer be possible and cultivation of other crops during dry periods with emphasis on SOC enhancement is becoming more important. The participants reviewed on-going work on soil organic carbon in rice soils in relation to changing land and water management and climate, and examined areas of research to increase or maintain soil C in rice soils. The participants also discussed the proposal of initiating a global consortium on SOC in rice soils and there was a strong support for IRRI to lead such an effort in collaboration with 4p 1000 and other stakeholders including national programs. A workshop was also suggested to come up with the objectives, possible policy brief, publication and awareness campaign for the consortium. The group also suggested that the workshop include emerging issues on soil health, residue burning, and use of remote sensing. The group also agreed to publish a proceeding of the symposium.
Conference website: http://ricecongress2018.irri.org/
International Conference on Agricultural GHG Emissions and Food Security, Sep. 10-13 2018, Berlin
Under the aegis of the Joint Programming Initiative on Agriculture, Food Security and Climate Change (FACCE-JPI) and the Global Research Alliance on Agricultural Greenhouse Gases (GRA) in collaboration with the CGIAR Research Programme on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) the “International Conference on Agricultural GHG Emissions and Food Security – Connecting Research to Policy and Practice” (AgriGHG 2018 Conference) focused on policies and innovative practices that can help mitigate agricultural GHG emissions while ensuring sustainable and resilient agricultural production and enhanced food security.
The 4 per 1000 Executive Secretariat supported the event with a field trip on the last day with the title "How to achieve the 4 per 1000 goal? – Demonstrations of Soil Organic Matter Management in Brandenburg". Two dairy farms were visited and strategies to cope with natural variability to maintain and increase soil organic matter were discussed. A good soil organic matter management was highlighted by the farmers as helpful for coping with extreme weather events such as the drought experienced in Germany in summer 2018.
Conference website: https://www.agrighg-2018.org/
21st World Congress of Soil Science - Aug. 12-17, 2018, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil
The Congress was organised by the International Union of Soil Sciences (IUSS), the Latin American Soil Science Society (SLCS) and the Brazilian Soil Science Society (SBCS). One session was dedicated to the initiative "4 per 1000": "The organic matter of the soil to preserve the food and the water and the initiative “4 per 1000". This session was chaired by Beata Madari, member of the Scientific and Technical Committee. It brought together more than 150 people and saw the interventions of Claire Chenu, also STC member, and Budiman Minasny, among others. Key issues were discussed, e.g. permanence of storage, carbon stabilization and the future of the science-policy dialogue. The latter relied on recent articles on carbon storage in initiative systems, such as "Increasing Organic Soil Stocks in Agricultural Soils: Knowledge Gaps and Potential Innovations", Claire Chenu et al. 2018.
Furthermore, as part of the "Carbon sequestration potential of soils" session, led by Claire Chenu and Denis Angers, the article by M. Corbeels, R. Cardinael, K. Naudin, H. Guibert and E. Torquebiau "The 4 per 1000 goal and soil carbon storage under agroforestry and conservation agriculture systems in sub-Saharan Africa " and the first results of the project" Scale out the 4 per 1000 initiative " were presented by Julien Demenois. The carbon storage potentials of agroforestry and conservation agriculture in sub-Saharan Africa were presented. The need to develop multistakeholder approaches in the context of agricultural innovation systems was also put forward to ensure the dissemination of practices contributing to the objectives of the 4 per 1000 initiative.
Conference website : https://www.21wcss.org/
Soil organic matter management in agriculture - Assessing the potential of the 4per1000 initiative - May 29-30, 2018, Braunschweig, Germany
This conference was organized by the Thünen Institute of Climate-Smart Agriculture, a research institution part of the German Ministry of Food and Agriculture. The conference identified the amount of C input to the soil as the key to maintain and increase SOC stocks. It was stressed that external C inputs should be applied considering efficient nutrient balance. It was shown that monitoring a SOC increase of 0.4% is possible when properly designed. The need for a synergistic view on options to enhance SOC and the importance of networks for knowledge sharing were highlighted
Conference website: http://www.som-management.org/about/
East Africa soil carbon workshop Science to Inform Policy - CIAT, Nairobi - 17-18 April, 2018
On 17 and 18 April 2018, a group of experts from Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda and Uganda as well as from international institutions working in East Africa including CIAT, ICRAF, CIMMYT, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Wageningen University and CIFOR came together in Nairobi for a regional workshop on Soil Carbon with the subtitle “Science to Inform Policy”. The 4 per 1000 initiative was presented and acknowledged for its global impact.
Conference website: https://cgspace.cgiar.org/handle/10568/93410
World Sustainable Development Summit 2018 - New Delhi - 15-17 Feb. 2018
The second edition of WSDS builds on the success and legacy of the Delhi Sustainable Development Summit (DSDS) which was the leading forum for discussing sustainable development issues. The DSDS held under the aegis of the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change with support from the Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India was an epitome of Track 2 diplomacy .
Conference website: http://wsds.teriin.org/index.php
Soils & Climate: matching promise in agricultural soils with action - Londres - 8 février 2018
A l’Initiative de The Nature Conservancy (TNC) s'est tenue à Chattam House, une journée de réflexion intitulée «Soils & climate: from hidden depths to centre stage? ». L’Initiative « 4 pour 1000 » faisait partie du comité d’organisation de cet évènement.
One Planet Summit - Paris - 12 décembre 2017
A l’occasion du « One Planet Summit » qui s’est tenu à Paris en décembre dernier, l’Initiative « 4 pour 1000 » a organisé en collaboration avec le Comité Technique « Foncier et Développement » et avec le soutien de l’AFD et de la Banque Mondiale dans les locaux de cette dernière, la « Rencontre de haut niveau « FONCIER ET SEQUESTRATION DU CARBONE DANS LES SOLS » les 13 et 14 décembre. Le programme et les notes de cadrage des 3 tables rondes composant cette rencontre en comité restreint sont téléchargeables ici.
Site de la conférence: https://www.oneplanetsummit.fr/fr/?id_gis=26
World Future Council awards to the "4 per 1000 Initiative" the international prize for best policies to combat desertification, Sep.12, 2017, Ordos, China
The Future Policy Award (FPA) ceremony was held at the thirteenth session of the Conference of the Parties to the UNCCD in Ordos, Inner Mongolia (China). The international “Oscar for best policies” honours laws and practices that successfully combat desertification and land degradation. The FPA is awarded by the World Future Council (WFC) in cooperation with the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD). Among the laureates are the Ethiopian Tigray region, Brazil, China and the “4 per 1000 Initiative”.