Governance of the "4 per 1000" Initiative

The International Initiative "4 per 1000" was officially launched on 1 December 2015 by Stéphane Le Foll, then French Minister of Agriculture, Agri-Food and Forestry, on the occasion of the COP21 which took place held in Paris.
Farmers, economic actors, local authorities and states have mobilized themselves to researchers around this initiative on the agenda of solutions (Lima-Paris Agenda for Action) during the same COP.

The success of the "4 for 1000" was confirmed at COP22: bringing together civil society, countries, funds and international organizations was a challenge. To gather 200 around the issue of soil and agriculture, a victory!

We talk about it on: http://agriculture.gouv.fr/le-succes-du-4-pour-1000-la-cop22

The four instances of the "4 per 1000" Initiative

Governance is composed of 4 instances:

  • The Partners Forum, which is consulted on orientations, collaborations and partnerships ...
    Any organization that has signed the Paris Declaration of Intent to become a partner by sharing the principles and objectives of the Initiative actually joins this consultation body.The Partner Forum has 359 partners (December 2018 figure).
  • The Consortium which decides on the political orientations, the work programs, the budget, the indicators for the project evaluation reference system ...
    Any non-profit, non-commercial organization that engages in the Initiative by signing the Marrakech Declaration of Intent becomes a member of this decision-making body. The Consortium brings together 183 non-profit and non-profit organizations (December 2018 figure) involved in the decision-making process. The Consortium Bureau provides advice and guidance on the ongoing work of the "4 per 1000" initiative, the organization of its sessions, particularly between Consortium meetings. It is composed of 13 members.
  • The Scientific and Technical Committee, a scientific body composed of 14 experts, which gives the orientations of the research program, plays a role of scientific and technical advice for the projects, proposes indicators for the reference system, contributes and validates the constitution of a database for the digital resource center ...
  • The "4 for 1000" Executive Secretariat, which supports the 3 previous bodies.

The Presidency

Dr. Ibrahim Assane Mayaki, Executive Secretary of Nepad and former Prime Minister of Niger, was elected Chairman of the consultation bodies (Partners Forum) and decision-making body (Consortium of members) and M. Stéphane Le Foll, French parliamentarian and former minister of Agriculture, Vice-President.

The governance at a glance

The Partners Forum

The Partners Forum is consultative body for consultation, collaboration and partnership. It brings together organizations that have signed the Paris Declaration of intent to become partners and share the principles and objectives of the Initiative.

The Partner Forum meets once a year, and also forms a digital community. It is organized in 5 colleges:

  • States and provinces, international and regional organizations, development banks
  • Research and teaching institutes
  • Organizations of agricultural and forestry producers
  • Civil society and non-profit foundations
  • Private companies

and one cross-cutting group that brings together donors regardless of their status.

The Initiative Forum "4 per 1000" has 359 partners (Dec. 2018 figure), out of which:

  • 42 countries and regions
  • 12 international organizations
  • 14 foundations and development banks
  • 110 Non-governmental organizations
  • 80 research and teaching institutes
  • 40 farmers' organizations ; and
  • 61 private companies.

The Consortium of Members

The Consortium is the governance decision-making body for the "4 per 1000" Initiative.
The Consortium makes, by consensus, the decisions on the orientations, the policy, the program of work, the budget, the recommendations of the Scientific and Technical Committee...

The Consortium of Members is composed of the signatories of the Marrakech Declaration of Intent, potentially those who have signed the Declaration of Intent of Paris, with the exception of for-profit or commercial organizations.
The Consortium of Members meets at least once a year on the occasion of the annual meeting of the Forum, but also at other times according to its own agenda.

The Consortium brings together 183 non-profit structures (December 2018 figure) that contribute to decision-making.

The Bureau

The purpose of the Bureau is to provide the initiative with a support and advisory body for the work of the Presidency and the Executive Secretariat, within the framework of the operational program of the initiative between two meetings of the Consortium. It also plays a supporting and advisory role to the Consortium and  facilitates animation in the colleges of partners and members of the Initiative. The missions of the Bureau:

  •  Manage processes with the Executive Secretariat:
    • Examination of membership applications as a partner or member,
    • Elaboration of the procedure for renewal of the members of the Scientific and Technical Committee and follow up of the implementation.
  • Participate in the strategic reflections for the initiative through the preparation of support documents particularly a 5 years vision and an operational roadmap for the action plan at 3 years 
  • Contribute to the preparation of the roadmap and the annual work program to be submitted to the Consortium
  • Facilitate the exchanges within the colleges of partners and members of the Initiative in order to serve as a relay for the positions and commitments of the colleges, within the framework and in favor of the Initiative.
  • Support the Executive Secretariat in the search for partnerships at the level of actions (programs, projects), at the scientific level, and at the financial level for the operation of the Initiative and for the actions/projects and scientific activities.
  • Carry out any action that the Consortium wishes to entrust to the Bureau.

It is composed of 13 members among which 8 titulars and 5 alternates, including:

  • The President or Vice President of the Consortium
  • The President or Vice-President of the CST
  • The Executive Secretary or his representative
  • 1 or in some cases 2 members per consortium college + 1 alternate (see hereafter)

The members of the Bureau are elected for a term of 2 years and cannot exercise more than two consecutive terms.

Bureau members by  collèges (2019 - 2021)

  • Governments and local authorities 
    • Titular: Germany / Alternate: Argentina
  • International, regional organizations or developmebt banks
    • Titular: FAO-GSP
  • Research and/or education institutions 
    • Titular: IRD (France) / Laboratoire RadioIsotopes (Madagascar) / Alternate: Institut Sénégalais Recherches Agricoles (Senegal)
  • Farmers organisations
    • Titular: GCAN (International) / Alternate: Demain la Terre (France)
  • NGO and civil society 
    • Titular: Acalode (Mali) / Alternate: GIERI (DR Congo)

The Scientific and Technical Committee

The Scientific and Technical Committee

The Scientific and Technical Committee is the scientific body of the "4 per 1000" Initiative. The Scientific and Technical Committee (STC) was installed on November 17, 2016 during COP22 in Marrakech.

The STC is made up of 14 high-level scientists of international renown, chosen by the Consortium of Members on the proposal of the Executive Secretariat.
It is a multidisciplinary group, with a balanced composition of geographical origin and gender, each member of which must regularly produce a declaration of interests.

The CST meets several times a year to:

  • propose a set of benchmarks for the evaluation of projects and actions based on the principles and objectives of the Initiative, as well as on the Sustainable Development Goals
  • formulate proposals for the guidelines of the international program for scientific research and cooperation and for any cross-cutting issue
  • provide technical advice on field projects, actions and programs.

...Read about indicators and evaluation criteria for "4 per 1000" projects, and current priorities of research.

The role of Research in the "4 per 1000" Initiative

The "4 per 1 000" initiative is a multi-actor initiative built around two main sectors of actions:

  1. A multi-actor, state and non-state action program for better soil carbon management to combat poverty and food insecurity, while contributing to adaptation to climate change and mitigation of emissions
     
  2. And an international scientific research and cooperation program: "Carbon in soils": a food security challenge "covering four complementary scientific questions:
  • The study of mechanisms and estimation of carbon storage potential in soils by regions and agro-climatic systems
  • The assessment of the performance of virtuous agricultural practices and their consequences for sequestration and other production and regulatory services
  • The accompaniment for innovations and their stimulation through appropriate policies
  • The monitoring, reporting and verification of results (MRV - measuring, reporting and verification), in particular for farmers.          

Researchers, in particular at an international level, can develop the four matters described above in a coordinated way:

  • Knowledge of soil carbon stocks and storage potential
  • Impacts of agricultural and forestry practices on carbon storage in soils
  • Methods for monitoring the carbon sequestration in soils
  • Circulation of good practices.

The "4 for 1000" Initiative thanks the following institutions, employers of the members of the Scientific and Technical Committee, for the availability of these experts

The Executive Secretariat

The International Executive Secretariat is the executive body of the "4 per 1000" Initiative.

Its mission is to provide support to the three governance bodies (Partners Forum, Consortium of Members and Scientific and Technical Committee) and to coordinate and implement the Initiative, notably through the organization of meetings and the management of common tools (website including a collaborative platform and a digital resource center ...).

Hosted in Montpellier (France) by the International Organization CGIAR System Organization, the Executive Secretariat is made up of a small team including a scientific officer in charge of the link with the research program and the secretariat of the CST, a person in charge of animation, monitoring and project support, as well as a manager of communication and Web animation. This team is under the authority of Mr. Paul Luu, Executive Secretary of the "4 for 1000" Initiative since September 1, 2016.

Governance documents

Partners and members of the Initiative